Francis Picabia (°1879 - 1953, France)
Picabia was one of the leaders of the Dada movement in Paris in the 1920s. He used text in his pictures and collages create explicitly scandalous images attacking conventional notions of morality, religion, and law. Figurative imagery was central to Picabia's work from the mid-1920s to the mid-1940s, when he was inspired by Spanish subjects, Renaissance sources, images of monsters, and nudes found in porn magazines. Many of these motifs got united in the Transparency pictures - they are layered and piled on top of each other to provoke confusion and strange associations.